# wx.DataObject¶

A wx.DataObject represents data that can be copied to or from the clipboard, or dragged and dropped.

The important thing about wx.DataObject is that this is a ‘smart’ piece of data unlike ‘dumb’ data containers such as memory buffers or files. Being ‘smart’ here means that the data object itself should know what data formats it supports and how to render itself in each of its supported formats.

A supported format, incidentally, is exactly the format in which the data can be requested from a data object or from which the data object may be set. In the general case, an object may support different formats on ‘input’ and ‘output’, i.e. it may be able to render itself in a given format but not be created from data on this format or vice versa. wx.DataObject defines the wx.DataObject.Direction enumeration type which distinguishes between them.

See wx.DataFormat documentation for more about formats.

Not surprisingly, being ‘smart’ comes at a price of added complexity. This is reasonable for the situations when you really need to support multiple formats, but may be annoying if you only want to do something simple like cut and paste text.

To provide a solution for both cases, wxWidgets has two predefined classes which derive from wx.DataObject: wx.DataObjectSimple and wx.DataObjectComposite. wx.DataObjectSimple is the simplest wx.DataObject possible and only holds data in a single format (such as HTML or text) and wx.DataObjectComposite is the simplest way to implement a wx.DataObject that does support multiple formats because it achieves this by simply holding several wx.DataObjectSimple objects.

So, you have several solutions when you need a wx.DataObject class (and you need one as soon as you want to transfer data via the clipboard or drag and drop):

• Use one of the built-in classes.

• Deriving from wx.DataObjectSimple is the simplest solution for custom data - you will only support one format and so probably won’t be able to communicate with other programs, but data transfer will work in your program (or between different instances of it).

• This is a simple but powerful solution which allows you to support any number of formats (either standard or custom if you combine it with the previous solution).

• Use wx.DataObject directly

• This is the solution for maximum flexibility and efficiency, but it is also the most difficult to implement.

Please note that the easiest way to use drag and drop and the clipboard with multiple formats is by using wx.DataObjectComposite, but it is not the most efficient one as each wx.DataObjectSimple would contain the whole data in its respective formats. Now imagine that you want to paste 200 pages of text in your proprietary format, as well as Word, RTF, HTML, Unicode and plain text to the clipboard and even today’s computers are in trouble. For this case, you will have to derive from wx.DataObject directly and make it enumerate its formats and provide the data in the requested format on demand.

Note that neither the GTK+ data transfer mechanisms for clipboard and drag and drop, nor OLE data transfer, copies any data until another application actually requests the data. This is in contrast to the ‘feel’ offered to the user of a program who would normally think that the data resides in the clipboard after having pressed ‘Copy’ - in reality it is only declared to be available.

You may also derive your own data object classes from wx.CustomDataObject for user-defined types. The format of user-defined data is given as a mime-type string literal, such as “application/word” or “image/png”. These strings are used as they are under Unix (so far only GTK+) to identify a format and are translated into their Windows equivalent under Win32 (using the OLE IDataObject for data exchange to and from the clipboard and for drag and drop). Note that the format string translation under Windows is not yet finished.

Each class derived directly from wx.DataObject must override and implement all of its functions which are pure virtual in the base class. The data objects which only render their data or only set it (i.e. work in only one direction), should return 0 from GetFormatCount.

## Class Hierarchy¶

Inheritance diagram for class DataObject:

## Methods Summary¶

 __init__ Constructor. GetAllFormats Returns a list of wx.DataFormat objects which this data object GetDataHere Copies this data object’s data in the requested format to the buffer provided. GetDataSize Returns the data size of the given format format. GetFormatCount Returns the number of available formats for rendering or setting the data. GetPreferredFormat Returns the preferred format for either rendering the data (if dir is Get , its default value) or for setting it. IsSupported Returns True if this format is supported. SetData Copies data from the provided buffer to this data object for the specified format. _testGetAllFormats

## Class API¶

class wx.DataObject(object)

Possible constructors:

DataObject()


A DataObject represents data that can be copied to or from the clipboard, or dragged and dropped.

### Methods¶

__init__(self)

Constructor.

GetAllFormats(self, dir=Get)

Returns a list of wx.DataFormat objects which this data object supports transferring in the given direction.

GetDataHere(self, format, buf)

Copies this data object’s data in the requested format to the buffer provided.

Return type

bool

GetDataSize(self, format)

Returns the data size of the given format format.

Parameters

format (wx.DataFormat) –

Return type

int

GetFormatCount(self, dir=Get)

Returns the number of available formats for rendering or setting the data.

Parameters

dir (Direction) –

Return type

int

GetPreferredFormat(self, dir=Get)

Returns the preferred format for either rendering the data (if dir is Get , its default value) or for setting it.

Usually this will be the native format of the wx.DataObject.

Parameters

dir (Direction) –

Return type

wx.DataFormat

IsSupported(self, format, dir=Get)

Returns True if this format is supported.

Parameters
Return type

bool

SetData(self, format, buf)

Copies data from the provided buffer to this data object for the specified format.

Return type

bool

_testGetAllFormats(self)

### Properties¶

AllFormats

DataHere

FormatCount

PreferredFormat