# wx.MimeTypesManager¶

This class allows the application to retrieve information about all known MIME types from a system-specific location and the filename extensions to the MIME types and vice versa.

MIME stands for “Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions” and was originally used in mail protocols. It’s standardized by several RFCs.

Under Windows, the MIME type information is queried from registry. Under Linux and Unix, it is queried from the XDG data directories.

Currently, wx.MimeTypesManager is limited to reading MIME type information.

The application should not construct its own manager: it should use the object pointer wx.TheMimeTypesManager . The functions GetFileTypeFromMimeType and GetFileTypeFromExtension return a wx.FileType object which may be further queried for file description, icon and other attributes.

## Helper functions¶

All of these functions are static (i.e. don’t need a wx.MimeTypesManager object to call them) and provide some useful operations for string representations of MIME types. Their usage is recommended instead of directly working with MIME types using String functions.

## Query database¶

These functions are the heart of this class: they allow to find a file type object from either file extension or MIME type. If the function is successful, it returns a pointer to the wx.FileType object which must be deleted by the caller, otherwise None will be returned.

wx.FileType

## Class Hierarchy¶

Inheritance diagram for class MimeTypesManager:

## Methods Summary¶

 __init__ Constructor puts the object in the “working” state. AddFallbacks This function may be used to provide hard-wired fallbacks for the MIME types and extensions that might not be present in the system MIME database. Associate Create a new association using the fields of wx.FileTypeInfo (at least the MIME type and the extension should be set). EnumAllFileTypes Returns a list of all known file types. GetFileTypeFromExtension Gather information about the files with given extension and return the corresponding wx.FileType object or None if the extension is unknown. GetFileTypeFromMimeType Gather information about the files with given MIME type and return the corresponding wx.FileType object or None if the MIME type is unknown. IsOfType This function returns True if either the given mimeType is exactly the same as wildcard or if it has the same category and the subtype of wildcard is ‘’. Unassociate Undo Associate .

## Class API¶

class wx.MimeTypesManager(object)

Possible constructors:

MimeTypesManager()


This class allows the application to retrieve information about all known MIME types from a system-specific location and the filename extensions to the MIME types and vice versa.

### Methods¶

__init__(self)

Constructor puts the object in the “working” state.

AddFallbacks(self, fallbacks)

This function may be used to provide hard-wired fallbacks for the MIME types and extensions that might not be present in the system MIME database.

Please see the typetest sample for an example of using it.

Parameters

fallbacks (wx.FileTypeInfo) –

Associate(self, ftInfo)

Create a new association using the fields of wx.FileTypeInfo (at least the MIME type and the extension should be set).

Parameters

ftInfo (wx.FileTypeInfo) –

Return type

wx.FileType

EnumAllFileTypes(self)

Returns a list of all known file types.

Return type

list of strings

GetFileTypeFromExtension(self, extension)

Gather information about the files with given extension and return the corresponding wx.FileType object or None if the extension is unknown.

The extension parameter may have, or not, the leading dot, if it has it, it is stripped automatically. It must not however be empty.

Parameters

extension (string) –

Return type

wx.FileType

GetFileTypeFromMimeType(self, mimeType)

Gather information about the files with given MIME type and return the corresponding wx.FileType object or None if the MIME type is unknown.

Parameters

mimeType (string) –

Return type

wx.FileType

static IsOfType(mimeType, wildcard)

This function returns True if either the given mimeType is exactly the same as wildcard or if it has the same category and the subtype of wildcard is ‘’.

Note that the ‘x’ wildcard is not allowed in mimeType itself.

The comparison done by this function is case insensitive so it is not necessary to convert the strings to the same case before calling it.

Parameters
• mimeType (string) –

• wildcard (string) –

Return type

bool

Unassociate(self, ft)

Undo Associate .

Parameters

ft (wx.FileType) –

Return type

bool