phoenix_title wx.ArtProvider

wx.ArtProvider class is used to customize the look of wxWidgets application.

When wxWidgets needs to display an icon or a bitmap (e.g. in the standard file dialog), it does not use a hard-coded resource but asks wx.ArtProvider for it instead. This way users can plug in their own wx.ArtProvider class and easily replace standard art with their own version.

All that is needed is to derive a class from wx.ArtProvider, override either its wx.ArtProvider.CreateBitmap and/or its wx.ArtProvider.CreateIconBundle methods and register the provider with wx.ArtProvider.Push :

class MyProvider(wx.ArtProvider):

     def CreateBitmap(self, id, client, size):

         # Your implementation of CreateBitmap here
         pass


     # optionally override this one as well
     def CreateIconBundle(self, id, client):

         # Your implementation of CreateIconBundle here
         pass


# Later on...
wx.ArtProvider.Push(MyProvider())

If you need bitmap images (of the same artwork) that should be displayed at different sizes you should probably consider overriding wx.ArtProvider.CreateIconBundle and supplying icon bundles that contain different bitmap sizes.

There’s another way of taking advantage of this class: you can use it in your code and use platform native icons as provided by wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap or wx.ArtProvider.GetIcon .

phoenix_title Identifying art resources

Every bitmap and icon bundle are known to wx.ArtProvider under an unique ID that is used when requesting a resource from it. The ID is represented by the wx.ArtID type and can have one of these predefined values (you can see bitmaps represented by these constants in the Art Provider Sample):

  • wx.ART_ERROR

  • wx.ART_GOTO_LAST (since 2.9.2)

  • wx.ART_FILE_SAVE_AS

  • wx.ART_QUESTION

  • wx.ART_PRINT

  • wx.ART_DELETE

  • wx.ART_WARNING

  • wx.ART_HELP

  • wx.ART_COPY

  • wx.ART_INFORMATION

  • wx.ART_TIP

  • wx.ART_CUT

  • wx.ART_ADD_BOOKMARK

  • wx.ART_REPORT_VIEW

  • wx.ART_PASTE

  • wx.ART_DEL_BOOKMARK

  • wx.ART_LIST_VIEW

  • wx.ART_UNDO

  • wx.ART_HELP_SIDE_PANEL

  • wx.ART_NEW_DIR

  • wx.ART_REDO

  • wx.ART_HELP_SETTINGS

  • wx.ART_FOLDER

  • wx.ART_PLUS (since 2.9.2)

  • wx.ART_HELP_BOOK

  • wx.ART_FOLDER_OPEN

  • wx.ART_MINUS (since 2.9.2)

  • wx.ART_HELP_FOLDER

  • wx.ART_GO_DIR_UP

  • wx.ART_CLOSE

  • wx.ART_HELP_PAGE

  • wx.ART_EXECUTABLE_FILE

  • wx.ART_QUIT

  • wx.ART_GO_BACK

  • wx.ART_NORMAL_FILE

  • wx.ART_FIND

  • wx.ART_GO_FORWARD

  • wx.ART_TICK_MARK

  • wx.ART_FIND_AND_REPLACE

  • wx.ART_GO_UP

  • wx.ART_CROSS_MARK

  • wx.ART_HARDDISK

  • wx.ART_GO_DOWN

  • wx.ART_MISSING_IMAGE

  • wx.ART_FLOPPY

  • wx.ART_GO_TO_PARENT

  • wx.ART_NEW

  • wx.ART_CDROM

  • wx.ART_GO_HOME

  • wx.ART_FILE_OPEN

  • wx.ART_GOTO_FIRST (since 2.9.2)

  • wx.ART_FILE_SAVE


Additionally, any string recognized by custom art providers registered using wx.ArtProvider.Push may be used.

phoenix_title Clients

The client is the entity that calls wx.ArtProvider’s GetBitmap or GetIcon function. It is represented by ClientID type and can have one of these values:

  • ART_TOOLBAR

  • ART_MENU

  • ART_BUTTON

  • ART_FRAME_ICON

  • ART_CMN_DIALOG

  • ART_HELP_BROWSER

  • ART_MESSAGE_BOX

  • ART_OTHER (used for all requests that don’t fit into any of the categories above)

Client ID serve as a hint to wx.ArtProvider that is supposed to help it to choose the best looking bitmap. For example it is often desirable to use slightly different icons in menus and toolbars even though they represent the same action (e.g. wx.ART_FILE_OPEN). Remember that this is really only a hint for wx.ArtProvider – it is common that wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap returns identical bitmap for different client values!

Note

When running under GTK+ 2, GTK+ stock item IDs (e.g. "gtk-cdrom" ) may be used as well:

if wx.Platform == '__WXGTK__':
    bmp = wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap("gtk-cdrom", wx.ART_MENU)

For a list of the GTK+ stock items please refer to the GTK+ documentation page. It is also possible to load icons from the current icon theme by specifying their name (without extension and directory components). Icon themes recognized by GTK+ follow the freedesktop.org Icon Themes specification. Note that themes are not guaranteed to contain all icons, so wx.ArtProvider may return wx.NullBitmap or wx.NullIcon . The default theme is typically installed in /usr/share/icons/hicolor .

See also

Art Provider Sample for an example of wx.ArtProvider usage; stock ID list


class_hierarchy Class Hierarchy

Inheritance diagram for class ArtProvider:

method_summary Methods Summary

CreateBitmap

Derived art provider classes must override this method to create requested art resource.

CreateIconBundle

This method is similar to CreateBitmap but can be used when a bitmap (or an icon) exists in several sizes.

Delete

Delete the given provider.

GetBitmap

Query registered providers for bitmap with given ID.

GetIcon

Same as wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap , but return a wx.Icon object (or wx.NullIcon on failure).

GetIconBundle

Query registered providers for icon bundle with given ID.

GetMessageBoxIcon

Helper used by several generic classes: return the icon corresponding to the standard ICON_INFORMATION/WARNING/ERROR/QUESTION flags (only one can be set)

GetMessageBoxIconId

Helper used by GetMessageBoxIcon : return the art id corresponding to the standard ICON_INFORMATION/WARNING/ERROR/QUESTION flags (only one can be set)

GetNativeSizeHint

Returns native icon size for use specified by client hint.

GetSizeHint

Returns a suitable size hint for the given ArtClient.

HasNativeProvider

Returns True if the platform uses native icons provider that should take precedence over any customizations.

Pop

Remove latest added provider and delete it.

Push

Register new art provider and add it to the top of providers stack (i.e.

PushBack

Register new art provider and add it to the bottom of providers stack.

Remove

Remove a provider from the stack if it is on it.


api Class API

class wx.ArtProvider(Object)

ArtProvider class is used to customize the look of wxWidgets application.


Methods

CreateBitmap(self, id, client, size)

Derived art provider classes must override this method to create requested art resource.

Note that returned bitmaps are cached by wx.ArtProvider and it is therefore not necessary to optimize CreateBitmap for speed (e.g. you may create wx.Bitmap objects from XPMs here).

Parameters
  • id (wx.ArtID) – ArtID unique identifier of the bitmap.

  • client (wx.ArtClient) – ArtClient identifier of the client (i.e. who is asking for the bitmap). This only serves as a hint.

  • size (wx.Size) – Preferred size of the bitmap. The function may return a bitmap of different dimensions, it will be automatically rescaled to meet client’s request.

Return type

wx.Bitmap

Note

This is not part of wx.ArtProvider’s public API, use wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap or wx.ArtProvider.GetIconBundle or wx.ArtProvider.GetIcon to query wx.ArtProvider for a resource.

See also

CreateIconBundle



CreateIconBundle(self, id, client)

This method is similar to CreateBitmap but can be used when a bitmap (or an icon) exists in several sizes.

Parameters
  • id (wx.ArtID) –

  • client (wx.ArtClient) –

Return type

wx.IconBundle



static Delete(provider)

Delete the given provider.

Parameters

provider (wx.ArtProvider) –

Return type

bool



static GetBitmap(id, client=ART_OTHER, size=DefaultSize)

Query registered providers for bitmap with given ID.

Parameters
  • id (wx.ArtID) – ArtID unique identifier of the bitmap.

  • client (wx.ArtClient) – ArtClient identifier of the client (i.e. who is asking for the bitmap).

  • size (wx.Size) – Size of the returned bitmap or DefaultSize if size doesn’t matter.

Return type

wx.Bitmap

Returns

The bitmap if one of registered providers recognizes the ID or NullBitmap otherwise.



static GetIcon(id, client=ART_OTHER, size=DefaultSize)

Same as wx.ArtProvider.GetBitmap , but return a wx.Icon object (or wx.NullIcon on failure).

Parameters
  • id (wx.ArtID) –

  • client (wx.ArtClient) –

  • size (wx.Size) –

Return type

wx.Icon



static GetIconBundle(id, client=ART_OTHER)

Query registered providers for icon bundle with given ID.

Parameters
  • id (wx.ArtID) – ArtID unique identifier of the icon bundle.

  • client (wx.ArtClient) – ArtClient identifier of the client (i.e. who is asking for the icon bundle).

Return type

wx.IconBundle

Returns

The icon bundle if one of registered providers recognizes the ID or NullIconBundle otherwise.



static GetMessageBoxIcon(flags)

Helper used by several generic classes: return the icon corresponding to the standard ICON_INFORMATION/WARNING/ERROR/QUESTION flags (only one can be set)

Parameters

flags (int) –

Return type

wx.Icon



static GetMessageBoxIconId(flags)

Helper used by GetMessageBoxIcon : return the art id corresponding to the standard ICON_INFORMATION/WARNING/ERROR/QUESTION flags (only one can be set)

Parameters

flags (int) –

Return type

wx.ArtID



static GetNativeSizeHint(client)

Returns native icon size for use specified by client hint.

If the platform has no commonly used default for this use or if client is not recognized, returns DefaultSize.

Parameters

client (wx.ArtClient) –

Return type

wx.Size

New in version 2.9.0.

Note

In some cases, a platform may have several appropriate native sizes (for example, wx.ART_FRAME_ICON for frame icons). In that case, this method returns only one of them, picked reasonably.



static GetSizeHint(client, platform_default=False)

Returns a suitable size hint for the given ArtClient.

If platform_default is True, return a size based on the current platform using GetNativeSizeHint , otherwise return the size from the topmost wx.ArtProvider. DefaultSize may be returned if the client doesn’t have a specified size, like wx.ART_OTHER for example.

Parameters
  • client (wx.ArtClient) –

  • platform_default (bool) –

Return type

wx.Size



static HasNativeProvider()

Returns True if the platform uses native icons provider that should take precedence over any customizations.

This is True for any platform that has user-customizable icon themes, currently only wxGTK.

A typical use for this method is to decide whether a custom art provider should be plugged in using Push or PushBack .

Return type

bool

New in version 2.9.0.



static Pop()

Remove latest added provider and delete it.

Return type

bool



static Push(provider)

Register new art provider and add it to the top of providers stack (i.e.

it will be queried as the first provider).

Parameters

provider (wx.ArtProvider) –

See also

PushBack



static PushBack(provider)

Register new art provider and add it to the bottom of providers stack.

In other words, it will be queried as the last one, after all others, including the default provider.

Parameters

provider (wx.ArtProvider) –

New in version 2.9.0.

See also

Push



static Remove(provider)

Remove a provider from the stack if it is on it.

The provider is not deleted, unlike when using Delete .

Parameters

provider (wx.ArtProvider) –

Return type

bool