Package distutils :: Module ccompiler :: Class CCompiler
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Class CCompiler

Known Subclasses:
UnixCCompiler

Abstract base class to define the interface that must be implemented by real compiler classes. Also has some utility methods used by several compiler classes.

The basic idea behind a compiler abstraction class is that each instance can be used for all the compile/link steps in building a single project. Thus, attributes common to all of those compile and link steps -- include directories, macros to define, libraries to link against, etc. -- are attributes of the compiler instance. To allow for variability in how individual files are treated, most of those attributes may be varied on a per-compilation or per-link basis.


Method Summary
  __init__(self, verbose, dry_run, force)
  add_include_dir(self, dir)
Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for header files.
  add_library(self, libname)
Add 'libname' to the list of libraries that will be included in all links driven by this compiler object.
  add_library_dir(self, dir)
Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for libraries specified to 'add_library()' and 'set_libraries()'.
  add_link_object(self, object)
Add 'object' to the list of object files (or analogues, such as explicitly named library files or the output of "resource compilers") to be included in every link driven by this compiler object.
  add_runtime_library_dir(self, dir)
Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for shared libraries at runtime.
  announce(self, msg, level)
  compile(self, sources, output_dir, macros, include_dirs, debug, extra_preargs, extra_postargs, depends)
Compile one or more source files.
  create_static_lib(self, objects, output_libname, output_dir, debug, target_lang)
Link a bunch of stuff together to create a static library file.
  debug_print(self, msg)
  define_macro(self, name, value)
Define a preprocessor macro for all compilations driven by this compiler object.
  detect_language(self, sources)
Detect the language of a given file, or list of files.
  executable_filename(self, basename, strip_dir, output_dir)
  execute(self, func, args, msg, level)
  find_library_file(self, dirs, lib, debug)
Search the specified list of directories for a static or shared library file 'lib' and return the full path to that file.
  has_function(self, funcname, includes, include_dirs, libraries, library_dirs)
Return a boolean indicating whether funcname is supported on the current platform.
  library_dir_option(self, dir)
Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of directories searched for libraries.
  library_filename(self, libname, lib_type, strip_dir, output_dir)
  library_option(self, lib)
Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of libraries linked into the shared library or executable.
  link(self, target_desc, objects, output_filename, output_dir, libraries, library_dirs, runtime_library_dirs, export_symbols, debug, extra_preargs, extra_postargs, build_temp, target_lang)
Link a bunch of stuff together to create an executable or shared library file.
  link_executable(self, objects, output_progname, output_dir, libraries, library_dirs, runtime_library_dirs, debug, extra_preargs, extra_postargs, target_lang)
  link_shared_lib(self, objects, output_libname, output_dir, libraries, library_dirs, runtime_library_dirs, export_symbols, debug, extra_preargs, extra_postargs, build_temp, target_lang)
  link_shared_object(self, objects, output_filename, output_dir, libraries, library_dirs, runtime_library_dirs, export_symbols, debug, extra_preargs, extra_postargs, build_temp, target_lang)
  mkpath(self, name, mode)
  move_file(self, src, dst)
  object_filenames(self, source_filenames, strip_dir, output_dir)
  preprocess(self, source, output_file, macros, include_dirs, extra_preargs, extra_postargs)
Preprocess a single C/C++ source file, named in 'source'.
  runtime_library_dir_option(self, dir)
Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of directories searched for runtime libraries.
  set_executable(self, key, value)
  set_executables(self, **args)
Define the executables (and options for them) that will be run to perform the various stages of compilation.
  set_include_dirs(self, dirs)
Set the list of directories that will be searched to 'dirs' (a list of strings).
  set_libraries(self, libnames)
Set the list of libraries to be included in all links driven by this compiler object to 'libnames' (a list of strings).
  set_library_dirs(self, dirs)
Set the list of library search directories to 'dirs' (a list of strings).
  set_link_objects(self, objects)
Set the list of object files (or analogues) to be included in every link to 'objects'.
  set_runtime_library_dirs(self, dirs)
Set the list of directories to search for shared libraries at runtime to 'dirs' (a list of strings).
  shared_object_filename(self, basename, strip_dir, output_dir)
  spawn(self, cmd)
  undefine_macro(self, name)
Undefine a preprocessor macro for all compilations driven by this compiler object.
  warn(self, msg)

Class Variable Summary
NoneType compiler_type = None                                                                  
NoneType exe_extension = None                                                                  
str EXECUTABLE = 'executable'
dict language_map = {'.cc': 'c++', '.m': 'objc', '.c': 'c', '...
list language_order = ['c++', 'objc', 'c']
NoneType obj_extension = None                                                                  
NoneType shared_lib_extension = None                                                                  
NoneType shared_lib_format = None                                                                  
str SHARED_LIBRARY = 'shared_library'
str SHARED_OBJECT = 'shared_object'
NoneType src_extensions = None                                                                  
NoneType static_lib_extension = None                                                                  
NoneType static_lib_format = None                                                                  

Method Details

add_include_dir(self, dir)

Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for header files. The compiler is instructed to search directories in the order in which they are supplied by successive calls to 'add_include_dir()'.

add_library(self, libname)

Add 'libname' to the list of libraries that will be included in all links driven by this compiler object. Note that 'libname' should not be the name of a file containing a library, but the name of the library itself: the actual filename will be inferred by the linker, the compiler, or the compiler class (depending on the platform).

The linker will be instructed to link against libraries in the order they were supplied to 'add_library()' and/or 'set_libraries()'. It is perfectly valid to duplicate library names; the linker will be instructed to link against libraries as many times as they are mentioned.

add_library_dir(self, dir)

Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for libraries specified to 'add_library()' and 'set_libraries()'. The linker will be instructed to search for libraries in the order they are supplied to 'add_library_dir()' and/or 'set_library_dirs()'.

add_link_object(self, object)

Add 'object' to the list of object files (or analogues, such as explicitly named library files or the output of "resource compilers") to be included in every link driven by this compiler object.

add_runtime_library_dir(self, dir)

Add 'dir' to the list of directories that will be searched for shared libraries at runtime.

compile(self, sources, output_dir=None, macros=None, include_dirs=None, debug=0, extra_preargs=None, extra_postargs=None, depends=None)

Compile one or more source files.

'sources' must be a list of filenames, most likely C/C++ files, but in reality anything that can be handled by a particular compiler and compiler class (eg. MSVCCompiler can handle resource files in 'sources'). Return a list of object filenames, one per source filename in 'sources'. Depending on the implementation, not all source files will necessarily be compiled, but all corresponding object filenames will be returned.

If 'output_dir' is given, object files will be put under it, while retaining their original path component. That is, "foo/bar.c" normally compiles to "foo/bar.o" (for a Unix implementation); if 'output_dir' is "build", then it would compile to "build/foo/bar.o".

'macros', if given, must be a list of macro definitions. A macro definition is either a (name, value) 2-tuple or a (name,) 1-tuple. The former defines a macro; if the value is None, the macro is defined without an explicit value. The 1-tuple case undefines a macro. Later definitions/redefinitions/ undefinitions take precedence.

'include_dirs', if given, must be a list of strings, the directories to add to the default include file search path for this compilation only.

'debug' is a boolean; if true, the compiler will be instructed to output debug symbols in (or alongside) the object file(s).

'extra_preargs' and 'extra_postargs' are implementation- dependent. On platforms that have the notion of a command-line (e.g. Unix, DOS/Windows), they are most likely lists of strings: extra command-line arguments to prepand/append to the compiler command line. On other platforms, consult the implementation class documentation. In any event, they are intended as an escape hatch for those occasions when the abstract compiler framework doesn't cut the mustard.

'depends', if given, is a list of filenames that all targets depend on. If a source file is older than any file in depends, then the source file will be recompiled. This supports dependency tracking, but only at a coarse granularity.

Raises CompileError on failure.

create_static_lib(self, objects, output_libname, output_dir=None, debug=0, target_lang=None)

Link a bunch of stuff together to create a static library file. The "bunch of stuff" consists of the list of object files supplied as 'objects', the extra object files supplied to 'add_link_object()' and/or 'set_link_objects()', the libraries supplied to 'add_library()' and/or 'set_libraries()', and the libraries supplied as 'libraries' (if any).

'output_libname' should be a library name, not a filename; the filename will be inferred from the library name. 'output_dir' is the directory where the library file will be put.

'debug' is a boolean; if true, debugging information will be included in the library (note that on most platforms, it is the compile step where this matters: the 'debug' flag is included here just for consistency).

'target_lang' is the target language for which the given objects are being compiled. This allows specific linkage time treatment of certain languages.

Raises LibError on failure.

define_macro(self, name, value=None)

Define a preprocessor macro for all compilations driven by this compiler object. The optional parameter 'value' should be a string; if it is not supplied, then the macro will be defined without an explicit value and the exact outcome depends on the compiler used (XXX true? does ANSI say anything about this?)

detect_language(self, sources)

Detect the language of a given file, or list of files. Uses language_map, and language_order to do the job.

find_library_file(self, dirs, lib, debug=0)

Search the specified list of directories for a static or shared library file 'lib' and return the full path to that file. If 'debug' true, look for a debugging version (if that makes sense on the current platform). Return None if 'lib' wasn't found in any of the specified directories.

has_function(self, funcname, includes=None, include_dirs=None, libraries=None, library_dirs=None)

Return a boolean indicating whether funcname is supported on the current platform. The optional arguments can be used to augment the compilation environment.

library_dir_option(self, dir)

Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of directories searched for libraries.

library_option(self, lib)

Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of libraries linked into the shared library or executable.

link(self, target_desc, objects, output_filename, output_dir=None, libraries=None, library_dirs=None, runtime_library_dirs=None, export_symbols=None, debug=0, extra_preargs=None, extra_postargs=None, build_temp=None, target_lang=None)

Link a bunch of stuff together to create an executable or shared library file.

The "bunch of stuff" consists of the list of object files supplied as 'objects'. 'output_filename' should be a filename. If 'output_dir' is supplied, 'output_filename' is relative to it (i.e. 'output_filename' can provide directory components if needed).

'libraries' is a list of libraries to link against. These are library names, not filenames, since they're translated into filenames in a platform-specific way (eg. "foo" becomes "libfoo.a" on Unix and "foo.lib" on DOS/Windows). However, they can include a directory component, which means the linker will look in that specific directory rather than searching all the normal locations.

'library_dirs', if supplied, should be a list of directories to search for libraries that were specified as bare library names (ie. no directory component). These are on top of the system default and those supplied to 'add_library_dir()' and/or 'set_library_dirs()'. 'runtime_library_dirs' is a list of directories that will be embedded into the shared library and used to search for other shared libraries that it depends on at run-time. (This may only be relevant on Unix.)

'export_symbols' is a list of symbols that the shared library will export. (This appears to be relevant only on Windows.)

'debug' is as for 'compile()' and 'create_static_lib()', with the slight distinction that it actually matters on most platforms (as opposed to 'create_static_lib()', which includes a 'debug' flag mostly for form's sake).

'extra_preargs' and 'extra_postargs' are as for 'compile()' (except of course that they supply command-line arguments for the particular linker being used).

'target_lang' is the target language for which the given objects are being compiled. This allows specific linkage time treatment of certain languages.

Raises LinkError on failure.

preprocess(self, source, output_file=None, macros=None, include_dirs=None, extra_preargs=None, extra_postargs=None)

Preprocess a single C/C++ source file, named in 'source'. Output will be written to file named 'output_file', or stdout if 'output_file' not supplied. 'macros' is a list of macro definitions as for 'compile()', which will augment the macros set with 'define_macro()' and 'undefine_macro()'. 'include_dirs' is a list of directory names that will be added to the default list.

Raises PreprocessError on failure.

runtime_library_dir_option(self, dir)

Return the compiler option to add 'dir' to the list of directories searched for runtime libraries.

set_executables(self, **args)

Define the executables (and options for them) that will be run
to perform the various stages of compilation.  The exact set of
executables that may be specified here depends on the compiler
class (via the 'executables' class attribute), but most will have:
  compiler      the C/C++ compiler
  linker_so     linker used to create shared objects and libraries
  linker_exe    linker used to create binary executables
  archiver      static library creator

On platforms with a command-line (Unix, DOS/Windows), each of these
is a string that will be split into executable name and (optional)
list of arguments.  (Splitting the string is done similarly to how
Unix shells operate: words are delimited by spaces, but quotes and
backslashes can override this.  See
'distutils.util.split_quoted()'.)

set_include_dirs(self, dirs)

Set the list of directories that will be searched to 'dirs' (a list of strings). Overrides any preceding calls to 'add_include_dir()'; subsequence calls to 'add_include_dir()' add to the list passed to 'set_include_dirs()'. This does not affect any list of standard include directories that the compiler may search by default.

set_libraries(self, libnames)

Set the list of libraries to be included in all links driven by this compiler object to 'libnames' (a list of strings). This does not affect any standard system libraries that the linker may include by default.

set_library_dirs(self, dirs)

Set the list of library search directories to 'dirs' (a list of strings). This does not affect any standard library search path that the linker may search by default.

set_link_objects(self, objects)

Set the list of object files (or analogues) to be included in every link to 'objects'. This does not affect any standard object files that the linker may include by default (such as system libraries).

set_runtime_library_dirs(self, dirs)

Set the list of directories to search for shared libraries at runtime to 'dirs' (a list of strings). This does not affect any standard search path that the runtime linker may search by default.

undefine_macro(self, name)

Undefine a preprocessor macro for all compilations driven by this compiler object. If the same macro is defined by 'define_macro()' and undefined by 'undefine_macro()' the last call takes precedence (including multiple redefinitions or undefinitions). If the macro is redefined/undefined on a per-compilation basis (ie. in the call to 'compile()'), then that takes precedence.


Class Variable Details

compiler_type

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

exe_extension

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

EXECUTABLE

Type:
str
Value:
'executable'                                                           

language_map

Type:
dict
Value:
{'.cc': 'c++', '.m': 'objc', '.c': 'c', '.cpp': 'c++', '.cxx': 'c++'}  

language_order

Type:
list
Value:
['c++', 'objc', 'c']                                                   

obj_extension

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

shared_lib_extension

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

shared_lib_format

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

SHARED_LIBRARY

Type:
str
Value:
'shared_library'                                                       

SHARED_OBJECT

Type:
str
Value:
'shared_object'                                                        

src_extensions

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

static_lib_extension

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

static_lib_format

Type:
NoneType
Value:
None                                                                  

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